Center For Integrating Research and Learning

ArrowRight and Left Hand Rules

You’ll find two of the most useful tools for understanding electromagnetism right at the end of your arms.

These convenient appendages help us understand the interaction between electricity and magnetism via the Right Hand Rule and the Left Hand Rule.

The Right Hand Rule, illustrated below, simply shows how a current-carrying wire generates a magnetic field. If you point your thumb in the direction of the current, as shown, and let your fingers assume a curved position, the magnetic field circling around those wires flows in the direction in which your four fingers point.


The Right-Hand Rule


The Left Hand Rule shows what happens when charged particles (such as electrons in a current) enter a magnetic field. You need to contort your hand in an unnatural position for this rule, illustrated below. As you can see, if your index finger points in the direction of a magnetic field, and your middle finger, at a 90 degree angle to your index, points in the direction of the charged particle (as in an electrical current), then your extended thumb (forming an L with your index) points in the direction of the force exerted upon that particle. This rule is also called Fleming's Left Hand Rule, after English electronics pioneer John Ambrose Fleming, who came up with it.


The Left-Hand Rule


Related Electricity & Magnetism Pages


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